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II. Quantenrevolution – die Welt der Qubits

II. Quantenrevolution – die Welt der Qubits in DFN-Mitteilungen 99 Seite 22

Beamen, durch Wände gehen – In der Quantenwelt sind verrückte Dinge in den Bereich des Möglichen gerückt, aber noch sind wir in dieser Welt nicht zu Hause. Um die revolutionären Anwendungsmöglichkeiten der Quantentechnik zukünftig nutzen zu können, müssen wir sie erst einmal besser verstehen. Einen kurzen Einblick in die Welt der Qubits sowie einige grundlegende Mechanismen der Quantentechnik…

Peter Kaufmann, Susanne Naegele-Jackson. II. Quantenrevolution – die Welt der Qubits. In: DFN Mitteilungen Ausgabe 99, Juni 2021

weitere Quellen

M. Nielsen, I. Chuang 2010:
Quantum Computation and Quantum Information
http://mmrc.amss.cas.cn/tlb/201702/W020170224608149940643.pdf

N. M. Linke, D. Maslov, M. Roetteler, S. Debnath, C. Figgatta, K. A. Landsman, K. Wright, C. Monroe 2017:
Experimental comparison of two quantumcomputing architectures
https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/114/13/3305.full.pdf

J. Koch, T. M. Yu, J. Gambetta, A. A. Houck, D. I. Schuster, J. Majer, A. Blais, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, R. J. Schoelkopf 2007:
Charge insensitive qubit design derived from the Cooper pair box
https://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/0703002.pdf

A. Omran, H. Levine, A. Keesling, G. Semeghini, T. T. Wang, S. Ebadi, H. Bernien, A. S. Zibrov, H. Pichler, S. Choi, J. Cui, M. Rossignolo, P. Rembold, S. Montangero, T. Calarco, M. Endres, M. Greiner, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin 2019:
Generation and manipulation of Schrödinger cat states in Rydberg atom arrays
https://arxiv.org/abs/1905.05721

M. H. Devoret, R. J. Schoelkopf 2013:
Superconducting Circuits for Quantum Information: An Outlook
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/339/6124/1169

P. Rydlichowski, S. Naegele-Jackson, P. Kaufmann, X. Jeannin, T. Chown, I. Golub, D. Vicinanza, G. Roberts, R. Vohnout, P. Skoda, J. Vojtech 2021:
Quantum Technologies Status Overview
https://www.geant.org/Resources/Documents/GN4-3_White-Paper_Quantum-Technologies-Status-Overview.pdf

Quantencomputer

Honeywell Quantum Solutions
IBM Quantum
Quasar: Halbleiter-Quantenprozessor mit shuttlingbasierter skalierbarer Architektur
DAQC: Digital‐Analoge Quantencomputer
New Project GeQCoS for „German Quantum Computer based on Superconducting Qubits“

Initiativen und Projekte in Deutschland

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung – BMBF
BMBF-Initiative QuNET baut hochsicheres Quantennetzwerk
Quantentechnologien – von den Grundlagen zum Markt PDF
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt DLR
Max Planck Society
QuNET-alpha
Launch of BMBF initiative QuNET for tap-proof quantum communication

Internationale Initiativen und Projekte

Europa

Estonia latest country to sign up to EuroQCI initiative
Quantum Technology Roadmap
Graphene Flagship
Human Brain Project
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/future-quantum-eu-countries-plan-ultra-secure-communication-network
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/estonia-latest-country-sign-euroqci-initiative
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/recommendations-priorities-and-rd-activities-quantum-commmunication-infrastructure
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/europe-investing-digital-digital-europe-programme
https://www.oeaw.ac.at/esq/home/
https://vcq.quantum.at/
https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2020/04/21/2019077/0/en/QUANTUM-TECHNOLOGIES-MADE-IN-AUSTRIA-AIT-COORDINATES-PILOT-PROJECT-OF-EUROPEAN-QUANTUM-COMMUNICATION-INITIATIVE-QCI.html
https://openqkd.eu/
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/blogposts/quantum-technologies-time-get-serious
http://cems.irb.hr/en/
https://www.iqoqi-vienna.at/
https://www.fer.unizg.hr/zkist/FERSAT/projekt
http://bela.phy.hr/quantixlie/
https://www.nikvtech.cz/
https://www.mvcr.cz/vyzkum/clanek/strategicka-podpora-rozvoje-bezpecnostniho-vyzkumu-cr-2019-2025-impakt-1.aspx
https://nukib.cz/en/
https://www.quantera.eu/news/86-results-of-the-quantera-call-2019
https://www.gouvernement.fr/en/quantum-plan
https://forteza.fr/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/A5_Rapport-quantique-public-BD.pdf
https://qutech.nl/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/NAQT-2019-EN.pdf
https://www.tue.nl/en/research/research-groups/center-for-quantum-materials-and-technology-eindhoven/
https://www.qusoft.org/
https://qutech.nl/
https://www.tno.nl/en/about-tno/news/2019/9/national-agenda-quantum-technology-from-academic-knowledge-to-applications/
http://nlpqt.fuw.edu.pl/en/
http://www.bip.nauka.gov.pl/polska-mapa-drogowa-infrastruktury-badawczej/lista-strategicznych-infrastruktur-badawczych-umieszczonych-na-polskiej-mapie-infrastruktury-badawczej.html
https://www.swir.ch/en/
https://wissenschaftsrat.ch/images/stories/pdf/en/Policy-analysis_SSC_2020_White-Paper-QT.pdf
https://qei.ethz.ch/
https://uknqt.epsrc.ac.uk/
https://www.quantumsensors.org/
https://quantic.ac.uk/preview/
https://www.qcshub.org/
https://www.quantumcommshub.net/
https://uknqt.epsrc.ac.uk/about/uknqt-hubs/
https://www.toshiba.eu/pages/eu/Cambridge-Research-Laboratory/quantum-information
http://infiniquant.com/
https://www.idquantique.com/
https://www.huawei.eu/press-release/telefonica-huawei-and-upm-use-quantum-cryptography-secure-communications-first-field
https://theconversation.com/uk

USA

https://www.technologyreview.com/2018/12/22/138149/president-trump-has-signed-a-12-billon-law-to-boost-us-quantum-tech/
https://www.congress.gov/115/plaws/publ368/PLAW-115publ368.pdf

weitere Nationen

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2058-9565/ab029d/pdf
https://www.forbes.com/sites/moorinsights/2019/10/10/quantum-usa-vs-quantum-china-the-worlds-most-important-technology-race/
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2110563/china-building-worlds-biggest-quantum-research-facility
https://www.scmp.com/tech/innovation/article/3116659/china-telecom-launches-quantum-encrypted-phone-calls-smartphones
https://dst.gov.in/budget-2020-announces-rs-8000-cr-national-mission-quantum-technologies-applications
https://www.qureca.com/overview-on-quantum-initiatives-worldwide/
https://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/english/moonshot/sub6_en.html
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2058-9565/ab4472/pdf
https://sociable.co/technology/korea-invest-quantum-computing/

Development Kits

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/resources/development-kit/quantum-computing/

Sonstige Artikel

https://hpc.fau.de/wp-content/blogs.dir/757/files/2020/09/intro_qc.pdf
https://hpc.fau.de/wp-content/blogs.dir/757/files/2020/09/ak_supercomp-hartmann.pdf
https://www.internetchemie.info/chemische-elemente/aluminium.php
https://physik.uni-graz.at/~uxh/diploma/arnold17.pdf
https://www.bigdata-insider.de/was-ist-ein-qubit-a-973116/
https://sciencenode.org/feature/Quantum%20talk.php
https://www.hpcwire.com/off-the-wire/quantum-computer-based-on-rydberg-atoms-on-the-way-to-prototype/
https://www.hpcwire.com/2020/09/09/googles-quantum-chemistry-simulation-suggests-promising-path-forward/
https://www.hpcwire.com/off-the-wire/azure-quantum-is-now-in-public-preview/
https://www.spiegel.de/netzwelt/web/googles-quantenueberlegenheit-praktisch-nutzlos-a-1292904.html
https://www.spiegel.de/netzwelt/gadgets/quantencomputer-deutsche-quantencomputer-sollen-in-acht-jahren-moeglich-sein-a-9e2b3dd2-edfe-43a3-8401-904acfabe33d
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-49805-7
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1666-5
https://www.forbes.com/sites/moorinsights/2019/10/10/quantum-usa-vs-quantum-china-the-worlds-most-important-technology-race/
https://www.fz-juelich.de/SharedDocs/Pressemitteilungen/UK/EN/2021/2021-02-24-quasar.html
https://ionq.com/
P. Kaufmann, S. Naegele-Jackson, II. Quantenrevolution – die Welt der Qubits: DFN-Mitteilungen Ausgabe 99 Juni 20/21 Seite 22
ENISA, Post-Quantum Cryptography, Editors: Smart, Lange, Februar 2021
Architectural Principles for a Quantum Internet, W. Kozlowskin et. al.,Februar 2021, draft-irtf-qirg-principles-06
Applications and Use Cases for the Quantum Internet, C. Wang et. al., Mai 2020
The Innovation Potential of Second-generation Quantum Technologies, H. Kagermann et. al., Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften, 2020

Stand: 22.06.21